Chapter

Policies for Path Creation: The Rise and Fall of Norway's Research-Driven Strategy for Industrialization

Olav Wicken

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780199551552
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720819 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0004
Policies for Path Creation: The Rise and Fall of Norway's Research-Driven Strategy for Industrialization

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This chapter discusses the role of public policy in creating a new path in the Norwegian economy. It argues that the policy to support industrial R&D from the 1960s was part of a strategy to establish a R&D intensive industrialization. This was the main motivation for the introduction of a public policy for industrial research, and as long as this policy was accepted there was to be a long-term growth in public support for industrial R&D. When path creation was no longer a central part of policy making, the industrial research based strategy collapsed. This is seen as a factor behind the relatively low R&D intensity in the Norwegian economy compared to other Nordic countries like Sweden and Finland.

Keywords: National Innovation System; NIS; path creation; research-driven; industrialization; R&D; public policy

Chapter.  9955 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy

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