Chapter

Historical Fingerprints? A Taxonomy of Norwegian Innovation

Fulvio Castellacci, Tommy H. Clausen, Svein Olav Nås and Bart Verspagen

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780199551552
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720819 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0005
Historical Fingerprints? A Taxonomy of Norwegian Innovation

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This chapter presents an empirical analysis of the patterns of innovation, economic structure, and industrial dynamics that characterize the Norwegian system at present. It investigates whether the three historical paths of Norwegian economic development identified in Chapter 2 have left ‘fingerprints’ on the present characteristics of the Norwegian innovation system. It argues that these paths have favoured the strengthening of a resource-based economic structure, and this represents one important factor to explain the low innovation intensity that characterizes the Norwegian system at present. The empirical analysis identifies three major sectoral patterns of innovation, which by and large reflect the development of the three historical paths: science-based innovators, low-intensity innovators, and resource-based innovators. In contrast to previous findings in the industrial dynamics literature, the chapter finds the former group of industries to be less entrepreneurial than commonly assumed, and the latter type of industries to be more turbulent and competitive than it is the case in other countries.

Keywords: industrial structure; sectoral taxonomy; industrial dynamics; CIS data; Norway

Chapter.  10091 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy

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