Chapter

The Development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A Historical Overview

Ole Andreas Engen

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy

Published in print February 2009 | ISBN: 9780199551552
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720819 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0007
The Development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A Historical Overview

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This chapter addresses the development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System. While the initial phase of the petroleum development of Norway in the 1960s was characterized by an absorptive capacity of receiving new technology, the building of Norwegian competence in the 1970s and 1980s was, in certain respects, directly shaped by public policy so that participatation could occur. With the Condeep design it became possible to speak of an independent Norwegian petroleum industry. In the R&D system of Norway, petroleum education and research were introduced at several levels. Due to new cost-efficient technologies introduced in the 1990s, we may say that the adjustment was concluded by the beginning of 21st century. The Norwegian oil and gas actors perceived themselves ready to participate fully in the international system of energy producers.

Keywords: Norwegian petroleum industry; historical development; public policy; Condeep design

Chapter.  10760 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy

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