Chapter

The Christian Commonwealth of Europe, 1436–1536

Norman Housley

in Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199552283
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191716515 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552283.003.0003
 The Christian Commonwealth of Europe, 1436–1536

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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In the century that followed the end of the Hussite wars religious warfare found a number of distinctive outlets. In Eastern Europe, the defence of the frontier against the advancing Turks by armies that were composed largely of peasants had a tendency, exemplified in Hungary by György Dózsa's crusading army of 1514, to mutate into social insurrection. In Iberia, the concluding stages of the Reconquest and the initial overseas discoveries and conquests were strongly influenced by prophecy and messianism. The first 20 years of the Reformation gave rise to extremities of religious belief and practice that reached a climax in the Anabaptist seizure of the city of Münster in 1534–5.

Keywords: Hungary; György Dózsa; Pilgrimage of Grace; Joachimism; Savonarola; Luther; Anabaptists; Münster

Chapter.  19825 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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