Chapter

The Assembling of Authority: Scripture, Messianic Individuals, and Symbols

Norman Housley

in Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9780199552283
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191716515 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552283.003.0004
 The Assembling of Authority: Scripture, Messianic Individuals, and Symbols

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This chapter focuses on the key issue of authority to take up arms, pinpointing three ways in which it was identified and expressed. The first was the claim to be acting in direct response to a divine command that could confidently be located in Scripture. The second was the assumption by a leader of a messianic mantle, often derived from Joachimism. The third was the assertion of membership of an elect community that was collectively mandated to carry out God's will. The group cohesion of such a community was frequently characterized by the adoption of a symbol, most strikingly the cross, and in the case of the Hussites, the chalice.

Keywords: scripture; Thomas Müntzer; last emperor prophecy; New David; cross; chalice

Chapter.  16825 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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