The Politics of Establishing International Criminal Tribunals

Luc Reydams, Jan Wouters and Cedric Ryngaert

in International Prosecutors

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199554294
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191751691 | DOI:
The Politics of Establishing International Criminal Tribunals

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This chapter presents a reconstruction of the historical and political context of the establishment of international tribunals. It looks at the political history of eleven courts employing international prosecutors and investigators. It starts with the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal and ends with the International Criminal Court. In between lie the three ad hoc tribunals established or initiated by the UN Security Council (the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon); the hybrid mechanisms set up in Cambodia (the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia), East Timor (the Serious Crimes Regime in East Timor), Kosovo (the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) court system), and Bosnia (the State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina); and the somewhat unique Special Court for Sierra Leone.

Keywords: political history; Nuremberg International Military Tribunal; International Criminal Court; ad hoc tribunals; UN Security Council; Cambodia; East Timor; Kosovo; Bosnia; Special Court for Sierra Leone

Chapter.  35279 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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