Philo of Alexandria

Joan E. Taylor

in The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199554485
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745911 | DOI:
Philo of Alexandria

Show Summary Details


In Probus and the Hypothetica Philo of Alexandria esteems the Essenes as models of excellence within Judaism, giving them special praise for their communality, self-control, frugality and purity. He creates a paradigm of elderly/mature men who are at a superior level of advancement within Judaism. Rejecting cohabitation with wives, they embrace a celibate lifestyle in their latter years, and live together as an autonomous society. They are admired by both the Herodian rulers and the common people, though they were in opposition to the previous rulers, the Hasmoneans.

Keywords: Essenes; Philo of Alexandria; Probus; Hypothetica; celibate; Herodian rulers; Hasmoneans

Chapter.  14259 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.