Christian and Jewish Writings from the Second to Fifth Centuries

Joan E. Taylor

in The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199554485
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745911 | DOI:
Christian and Jewish Writings from the Second to Fifth Centuries

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Justin Marytyr, Hegesippus, Epiphanius, Eusebius and other patristic writings of the 2nd to 5th centuries ce indicate the continuing relevance of all the Jewish legal societies, including the Essenes, through to the Bar Kokhba Revolt (132-35 ce). These societies were joined by others that became important at the time of the First Revolt (the ‘Galileans’, or Zealots), Boethusians and Hemerobaptists (disciples of John the Baptist), but Christian authors tidied these up into a ‘seven school’ model of Judaism. Both Justin and Epiphanius indicate the loose use of the term Perushim, ‘separated ones’, possibly in some cases meaning Essenes. This raises the question of how accurate the equation is between rabbinic Perushim and the Pharisees of the New Testament and Josephus.

Keywords: Essenes; Justin Martyr; Hegesippus; Epiphanius; Eusebius; Bar Kokhba; Galileans; Zealots; John the Baptist; Perushim

Chapter.  14286 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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