August–September 1792

Siân Reynolds

in Marriage and Revolution

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199560424
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741814 | DOI:
August–September 1792

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The ministers cooperate over emergency measures, but invasion fears trigger the September massacres in Paris: impromptu trials and brutal executions of many prisoners, including clerics or common law offenders, suspected of a ‘prison plot’. The Paris Commune (municipality) of 10 August appears to approve the massacres, issuing arrest warrants (not pursued) for Roland and Brissot. Authorities, including Roland and Danton – who do not see eye to eye – fail to stop the killings, but Roland speaks out publicly on 3 September: the validity of accusations of his complicity or tolerance are discussed. These events underlie later conflict between the Paris Commune and the Interior minister. Roland, elected to the Convention for the Somme, chooses instead to stay at ministry: his reasons are discussed here and below. Invasion fears are quietened by the battle of Valmy.

Keywords: invasion; September massacres; Paris Commune; arrest; Danton; elections; Convention; ministry; Valmy

Chapter.  7058 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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