Chapter

The Cromwellian Regime, 1650–60

Patrick J. Corish

in A New History of Ireland

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199562527
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191701849 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.003.0014

Series: New History of Ireland

The Cromwellian Regime, 1650–60

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This chapter describes the Cromwell's regime after his successful campaign in the invasion of Ireland from 1649–50. In England, Cromwell made repeated and varied but unsuccessful attempts to reconcile his commitment to the ‘rule of the saints’ with his hankering after a return to a constitutional regime acceptable to the ‘political nation’. His government was a dictatorship depending ultimately on military force, and there was no one fit to succeed him. After the reconquest of Ireland, the most catastrophic land confiscation and social upheaval in Irish history followed, involving the expropriation of Catholic landowners, both Old English and Old Irish, on a vast scale, the transplantation to Connacht of most of those who survived, and an influx of English landowners and settlers to augment the New English element. This Cromwellian confiscation was substantially confirmed after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.

Keywords: Cromwell; land confiscation; Old English; Old Irish; Connacht; landowners

Chapter.  17187 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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