Chapter

Clement of Alexandria’s Gospel Citations

Carl P. Cosaert

in The Early Text of the New Testament

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199566365
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191740985 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566365.003.0022
Clement of Alexandria’s Gospel Citations

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This chapter presents a summary of the latest methodological advances in quantitative and group profile analysis to the text of the Gospels used by Clement, an early Alexandrian father who lived in Egypt at the turn of the third century. The analysis indicates that the text of the Gospels was in a stage of transition at the end of the second century with two major textual streams present: primary Alexandrian and Western. These two textual traditions, including a few ancient Byzantine readings, exerted varying levels of influence upon Clement’s text, resulting in an Alexandrian influence in John and Matthew and a stronger Western influence in Luke and Clement's citations of Mark 10. Although the Gospel text of later Alexandrian fathers would be clearly Alexandrian, Clement's text contains a number of significant textual relationships that indicate some sort of textual affinity existed between Clement and the later Alexandrian fathers.

Keywords: Clement of Alexandria; Alexandrian fathers; Alexandria; quantitative analysis; group profile method; Alexandrian; Western; Byzantine text type

Chapter.  8997 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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