1925–1931: The British Left andthe Nationalist Revolution

Tom Buchanan

in East Wind

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199570331
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741425 | DOI:
1925–1931: The British Left andthe Nationalist Revolution

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This chapter shows how the British left was mobilised in support of China during the Chinese Nationalist movement (KMT) in its confrontation with Britain during 1925–1928. The May 30th incident in 1925, when Chinese strikers were shot dead by British-officered police in Shanghai, represented a turning point for both Anglo-Chinese relations and the interest of the British left in China. The chapter explores the ‘Hands off China’ movement of this period, and places it in the context of the tensions between Communists and non-Communists on the left in Britain. A concluding section deals with the period 1928-31, when relations improved between Britain and China, but when the Chinese Communists began to control substantial rural ‘Soviets’.

Keywords: Hands off China; KMT; Kuomintang; Chiang Kai-shek; Shanghai Defence Force; Ramsay MacDonald; Labour Party; Bertrand Russell; Chinese Soviets

Chapter.  13099 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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