1931–1939: Japanese Aggression

Tom Buchanan

in East Wind

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199570331
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741425 | DOI:
1931–1939: Japanese Aggression

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This chapter deals with a period that was dominated by the rise of Japanese aggression against China, beginning with Japan's occupation of Manchuria in 1931, and culminating with the Sino-Japanese War that started in the summer of 1937. Whereas the 1931 episode did not greatly involve the British left, a strong movement of support for China developed in Britain after 1937. This reflected the prevailing anti-fascist mood of the later 1930s. The principal organisation was the China Campaign Committee (CCC) which pressed for a boycott of Japanese goods. The chapter argues that, both as a result of the sympathy for China's plight and effective campaigning, China's cause became better-known and understood in progressive circles during this period.

Keywords: Manchuria; Shanghai; Sino-Japanese War; rape of Nanking; bombing; China Campaign Committee; Long March; Popular Front; CPGB

Chapter.  18048 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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