Chapter

1939–1949: World War and the Coming of the People's Republic

Tom Buchanan

in East Wind

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199570331
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741425 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570331.003.0004
1939–1949: World War and the Coming of the People's Republic

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This chapter focuses on a decade dominated by war. Britain's war with Germany in September 1939 overshadowed China's continuing struggle with Japan, and this was not reversed when Britain entered the war in the Far East in December 1941. Meanwhile, the politics of the left in Britain were complicated by the Nazi-Soviet Pact until June 1941. After 1941 the British left contributed to a broad, humanitarian fundraising campaign in support of China (the British United Aid for China Fund). After 1945 the left did not regain interest in China until the Chinese Communists had gained the upper hand in the latter stages of the Civil War with the ruling KMT. The CCC supported the Chinese Communists, but with some reservations, and a new solidarity organisation was created in 1949 to foster relations with the new People's Republic of China (PRC).

Keywords: Pearl Harbor; Pacific War; Nazi-Soviet Pact; World War Two; China Campaign Committee; Michael Lindsay; Joseph Needham; Chinese Civil War; HMS Amethyst; People's Republic of China

Chapter.  18181 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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