Can We Ever See the Speaker's Coordinates in the C‐layer?

Alessandra Giorgi

in About the Speaker

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199571895
Published online February 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722073 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics No. 28

Can We Ever See the Speaker's Coordinates in the C‐layer?

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I concluded in the previous chapter that the Complementizer‐layer includes a position for the speaker's temporal coordinate. The issue I consider here is whether this position can ever be overtly realized by some specific element in the syntax, recognizable as a first person marked item. I show that the position projected by the speaker's coordinates is visible in some peculiar structures and that it is actually occupied by a verbal form overtly marked with first person features expressing an epistemic meaning, such as credo (I believe/I think), penso (I think), immagino (I imagine), and the like. By analysing the properties of credo (I believe/think) — the subject‐less first person present tense verbal form of the epistemic verb credere (to believe/ to think) — I show that the sequence credo (I think) + clause must be considered as a mono‐clausal structure and that credo occupies in these cases the left‐most position in the Complementizer‐layer.

Keywords: epistemicity; adverbs; adverbials; Complementizer Deletion; first person

Chapter.  10601 words. 

Subjects: Semantics

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