Chapter

Problems and possible solutions for interventions among children and adolescents

Tom Baranowski, Janice Baranowski, Karen Cullen, Melanie Hingle, Sheryl Hughes, Russell Jago, Tracey Ledoux, Jason Mendoza, Tuan T. Nguyen, Teresia O’Connor, Deborah Thompson and Kathleen Watson

in Childhood Obesity Prevention

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199572915
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595110 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0035
Problems and possible solutions for interventions among children and adolescents

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This chapter provides an overview of childhood obesity causes and discusses the efficacy of potential preventive interventions. Interventions for obesity prevention generally have had no or limited effects with no obvious patterns in findings to guide program development. The chapter assumes imbalances in dietary intake and physical activity account for most of the problem. To elucidate the problems in obesity prevention research, the Mediating Moderating Variable Model (MMVM) is used to deconstruct the variables and pathways from intervention design to change in adiposity, and thereby elucidate problems at each step in intervention design, implementation, and evaluation. As more is learned about these causal pathways, intervention protocols may be developed that offer different or different intensity interventions to subgroups that may need different procedures.

Keywords: Mediating Moderating Variable Model; MMVM; overweight; obesity; children; intervention; health promotion; physical activity; USA; model

Chapter.  7976 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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