Scots and the Environment of Empire

John M. MacKenzie

in Scotland and the British Empire

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199573240
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731310 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the British Empire Companion Series

Scots and the Environment of Empire

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The character of the Scottish environment is examined as a significant background to involvement of the Scots in colonial environments as well as being influential in developing Scottish Enlightenment notions of environmental observation, change and human exploitation. These were more or less important in the development of Scots involvement in many environmental professions, including botany, forestry, geology, surveying, and engineering. Scottish settlers were considered to be particularly valuable in settling frontiers and in pursuing certain agricultural practices such as pastoralism and there is some evaluation of the extent to which this can be established in the experience of some territories. The environment is considered as a focus for settler/ indigenous relationships. The chapter also contains an analysis of the attitudes of missionaries towards the environment and their contribution to its study. All of these aspects of Scottish involvement in the environment of empire are carried down to the twentieth century.

Keywords: Scottish environment; environmental ideas and Scottish Enlightenment; Scots and environmental professions; settlers; frontiers; exploitation of environment; missionaries and environment

Chapter.  12261 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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