Racism: Old and New Forms

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780199573448
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191702105 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Studies in Criminology

Racism: Old and New Forms

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This chapter argues that racism determines new forms and its eradication or adequate control is highly problematic. The focus is placed on how institutional racism and, later, ‘covert racism’, a term used by respondents, structure a view of police employment that, from Black Police Association (BPA) officials' and Assistant Chief Constables' (ACC) perspectives, finds signs, symbols, and other indicators of ‘institutional’ and ‘covert’ racism within police employment. More specifically, the research has been concerned with an analysis of the schemas used by BPA officials and, to a lesser extent, ACCs, when identifying and understanding institutional and covert racism within constabularies. It begins with a discussion on institutional racism. Various aspects of constructions, their relationship to different positions held within constabularies, and their consequences for policy and practice are also assessed. The past of overt and, now, covert racism in constabularies has refined an essentialism of sole relevance to BPA officials and, by implication, their minority colleagues.

Keywords: BPA; ACC; institutional racism; covert racism; police employment; policy

Chapter.  13224 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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