Constructing Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

Simon Holdaway

in Black Police Associations

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780199573448
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191702105 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Studies in Criminology

Constructing Race and Ethnicity within Constabularies

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This chapter reviews the analysis of Black Police Associations (BPAs), firstly considering more theoretically how they have realized change. ‘Institutional racism’—to continue the point—captured the attention of BPA officials and chief officers alike. BPAs have developed in ways that are very similar to social movements but have done so from within rather than outside the formal structures of a state organization or institution. BPAs have in many ways been social movements emerging within constabularies. The theoretical perspective is further addressed, as are its implications for understanding race and ethnicity within criminological research. BPAs within English and Welsh constabularies, and BPAs in the USA are shown. BPAs are remarkable in many ways, having been established from nothing other than a small number of minority officers' commitment, strength, and will to resist gross discrimination.

Keywords: BPAs; race; ethnicity; constabularies; institutional racism; social movements

Chapter.  11092 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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