Rescuing Turkey: The Constantinople Conference and the London Protocol

Miloš Ković

in Disraeli and the Eastern Question

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199574605
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595134 | DOI:
Rescuing Turkey: The Constantinople Conference and the London Protocol

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Salisbury's mission at the Constantinople Conference was a failure, primarily due to the lack of support from Disraeli and Derby, or rather the support which they, out of fear of a ‘new Navarino’, were giving to the Ottomans in holding out against the demands of the Great Powers. In the conflicts within the Cabinet, Disraeli's Realist understanding of foreign policy was contrasted to the religious perceptions of Salisbury and Carnarvon. During the parliamentary debates, he contrasted the rights of the Balkan nations with the interests of the British Empire. In his correspondence with Queen Victoria, he claimed that the independent, small Balkan states could not survive, and that their fate was to be incorporated into a greater state. He saw the future of the Balkans within the framework of one such state with, as he wrote, a ‘European dynasty’.

Keywords: Constantinople Conference; Salisbury; Navarino; rights of nations; interests of empires; British Empire; realism; foreign policy

Chapter.  16550 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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