Chapter

IPR and Technological Catch‐Up in Korea

Keun Lee and Yee Kyoung Kim

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199574759
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722660 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0005
IPR and Technological Catch‐Up in Korea

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This chapter discusses the catch‐up experience of Korea, in which the present intellectual property legislation was established in 1961. Three stylized facts are noted about patenting trend: shift from petty (utility) patents to regular (invention) patents, shift from individual inventors to corporate inventors, and shift of share among patent applications from domestic applicants (when foreigners had little interest in Korean IPRs) to foreign applicants and, in the 1990s, again to domestic applicants. These shifts suggest that Korean firms had accumulated high‐tech capabilities and became sensitive to IPRs by the mid‐1980s. Korean firms, particularly in electronics, invested heavily in R&D to accumulate their own technologies and, having learnt the importance of IPR through a number of patent‐related legal disputes with American and Japanese firms, started to utilize their own IPRs to achieve competitive advantages.

Keywords: Korea; patent; intellectual property; electronics; dispute; R&D; catch‐up

Chapter.  15220 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Innovation

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