Innovation and IPR in a Catch‐Up‐Falling‐Behind Process: The Argentine Case

Andrés López

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199574759
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722660 | DOI:
Innovation and IPR in a Catch‐Up‐Falling‐Behind Process: The Argentine Case

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This chapter first points out that, for Argentina, the twentieth century was the period of falling behind. Although catch‐up occurred during 1860–1929, the economy at the time was mainly based on agriculture. By contrast, industrialization and technological capability building took place while the overall economy was falling behind following the government's import substitution policy and macro instability. The chapter examines technology transfer, learning, and innovation in the country's catch‐up and falling‐behind processes, and the role of intellectual property regime. It is argued that the IPR regime had little impact except for on agriculture and pharmaceuticals. These two industries are analyzed in detail to suggest that the domestic pharmaceutical firms failed to accumulate technological capabilities even in the absence of product patents and that genetically modified soybeans diffused widely because the American inventor, Monsanto, failed to secure a patent for it in Argentina.

Keywords: Argentina; catch‐up; falling‐behind; intellectual property; patent; agriculture; pharmaceuticals; genetically modified; technology transfer

Chapter.  15670 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Innovation

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