Chapter

Relationships between IPR and Technology Catch‐Up: Some Evidence from China

Lan Xue and Zheng Liang

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199574759
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722660 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0010
Relationships between IPR and Technology Catch‐Up: Some Evidence from China

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This chapter discusses the catch‐up process of China post‐1949, especially after the initiative of “Open Doors” since 1978. Domestic firms adapted to the intellectual property right system through gradual innovation, especially using utility models, i.e. petty patents. Even though most Chinese firms have not been able to become true innovators, several succeeded in developing innovative capabilities, such as Huawei, a communication equipment manufacturer. The litigation brought by Cisco against Huawei stimulated the formulation and improvement of Huawei's IPR strategy and, gradually, Huawei has developed new collaborative relationships with multinationals. However, this case is rather exceptional and most inventions are carried out by a handful of large firms. China's patent system has played an important role in stimulating innovation for both multinationals and domestic firms even though its net impact on technology transfer and domestic firms' catch‐up is yet unclear.

Keywords: China; intellectual property; patent; utility model; communication equipment; multinational; catch‐up

Chapter.  16874 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Innovation

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