Pollution across Chinese Provinces

Catherine Yap Co, Fanying Kong and Shuanglin Lin

in Emerging Giants

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199575077
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722141 | DOI:
Pollution across Chinese Provinces

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This chapter revisits the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis using 1987–95 data for Chinese provinces for six pollutants. A comparison of off-sample (1996–2004) predicted and actual emissions show that industrial COD per capita discharge rates have leveled off; however, actual industrial waste water and industrial dust per capita discharge rates in 1996–2004 were higher than the predictions. And, contrary to the predictions of the estimated income-emission regression model, actual industrial waste water emissions increase with income. Auxiliary regressions show that conditional on income, northern provinces have lower industrial waste water pollution; non-coastal and provinces with smaller secondary industry shares have lower industrial pollution; provinces with smaller SOEs shares have lower industrial COD pollution; and, commitment to control industrial dust pollution is correlated with local governments' budget balance.

Keywords: China; pollution; environment; environmental Kuznets curve; Chinese provinces

Chapter.  9813 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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