Chapter

The Trajectory of Revival

David Bebbington

in Victorian Religious Revivals

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199575480
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741449 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575480.003.0001
The Trajectory of Revival

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Revivals, stirrings of religious rededication during which conversions took place on a significant scale, came in a variety of forms. Presbyterian revivals, beginning in the seventeenth century, were controlled by parish ministers, orderly and Calvinistic, with conversions often gradual and the Lord’s supper generally the precipitant. Congregational awakenings were similar, though rarely arising from communion seasons, and gave rise in America to equivalent Baptist events. In the eighteenth century a Methodist style of revival emerged, marked by lay leadership, uninhibited expression, Arminian theology, entire sanctification and experimental methods. The nineteenth century saw the development of a synthetic pattern with careful planning, pragmatic methods, theological reconstruction, immediate conversions and undenominational tendencies and of a related modern pattern that was urban, businesslike, distinctive of neither Calvinism nor Arminianism, interdenominational and professional in technique. The twentieth century witnessed the global spread of awakenings.

Keywords: revivals; Presbyterian; Congregational; Baptist; Methodist; undenominational; interdenominational

Chapter.  8513 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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