Chapter

War, Health, and Citizenship: Preventive Medicine on the Western Front

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199575824
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595158 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0004
War, Health, and Citizenship: Preventive Medicine on the Western Front

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This chapter considers the changes taking place in preventive medicine in the army and in civilian life in the run up to the First World War. It shows how various elements of preventive medicine were enmeshed with emergent notions of citizenship and ideas of masculinity and morality. It begins by examining various aspects of sanitation and hygiene from the battlefield and the trenches, through to hygienic education and relations with civilians and imperial labour corps. It then moves on to consider inoculation against typhoid — the disease which claimed so many lives during the South African War — and the army's fight against those who were opposed to the measure on grounds of principle. It ends by looking at the problem of venereal disease in France and Belgium and the awkward political compromises into which the army was forced when dealing with it.

Keywords: citizenship; civilians; disease; health; hygiene; inoculation; labour corps; morality; sanitation; trenches

Chapter.  23966 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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