Chapter

Introduction

Takashi Yagisawa

in Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199576890
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722301 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.003.0001
Introduction

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Modal realism says that non-actual possible worlds and individuals are as real as the actual world and individuals. This book defends modal realism of a variety different from David Lewis’s theory. The notion of reality is left primitive and sharply distinguished from that of existence, which is proposed as a relation between a thing and a domain. Worlds are postulated as modal indices for truth on a par with times, which are temporal indices for truth. Ordinary individual objects are conceived as being spread in spatial, temporal, and modal dimensions, and their transworld identity is explicated by the closest-continuer theory. Impossible worlds and individuals are postulated and used to provide accounts of propositions, belief sentences, and fictional discourse.

Keywords: actual; belief sentence; existence; fiction; identity; impossible world; Kripke; Lewis; metaphysics; modal realism; possibility; possible world; proposition; real; transworld

Chapter.  3774 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics ; Philosophy

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