Chapter

Structures Built from Events

Robert Truswell

in Events, Phrases, and Questions

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199577774
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725319 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577774.003.0004

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics

Structures Built from Events

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This chapter gives a basic theory of the relationship of event structure to temporal structure. Two problems are discussed, the first concerning temporal modification of coordinated VPs, the second concerning the semantics of alternately as described by Lasersohn. In each case, the units operated on by Tense (intervals) must be partially independent of the events described by V. An operator, Op, is therefore defined, situated below T in the phrase structure, which converts a predicate over events into a predicate over intervals. Flexibility in the timing of application of Op derives a systematic ambiguity between single-event and multiple-event interpretations of many sentences containing multiple VPs. However, at a certain point in the tree, Op must be applied. Above this point, only multiple-event readings are possible.

Keywords: tense; intervals; event variable; temporal modification; vp-coordination; alternately

Chapter.  6056 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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