Chapter

Extraction from Adjuncts

Robert Truswell

in Events, Phrases, and Questions

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199577774
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725319 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577774.003.0006

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics

Extraction from Adjuncts

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The syntactic core of the book is a description of patterns of A'-extraction from three classes of adjunct in English. In rationale clauses, extraction is generally possible, provided syntactic constraints are obeyed. Among prepositional participial adjuncts, extraction possibilities are partly determined by height of attachment (adjuncts headed by since and upon attach high, and therefore categorically disallow extraction), and partly by the semantic relation among events specified by the preposition (by-clauses often allow extraction, while extraction from before- and after-clauses requires enrichment of the temporal relation specified by the preposition into a contingent relation). A complex pattern of extraction from bare present participial adjuncts depends on the aspectual class of the matrix VP, and factors related to agentivity. These latter factors require definition of event groupings, and restatement of the Single Event Condition in terms of event groupings. An appendix considers patterns of preposition-stranding in English.

Keywords: A'-movement; extraction from adjuncts; preposition-stranding; rationale clauses; prepositional phrases; bare present participial adjuncts; restructuring; agentivity; event structure

Chapter.  17655 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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