Intergenerational Mobility

C. Y. Cyrus Chu and Ruoh‐Rong Yu

in Understanding Chinese Families

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199578092
Published online February 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722424 | DOI:
Intergenerational Mobility

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This chapter separates education levels into five categories and estimates several 5×5 mobility matrices of parent‐child education for both Taiwan and China. Several mobility indexes are then calculated and tested to see whether there is a difference between the measures of China and Taiwan. It is found that (1) the mobility index in China in general is lower than that in Taiwan, especially after 1956, when Taiwan extended mandatory education from six to nine years; (2) the mobility index for families in rural areas is lower in China than that in Taiwan; (3) the marginal contribution of father's education to the child's schooling is smaller in China relative to Taiwan. It is believed that these observations are consistent with the turbulent aftermath of the Cultural Revolution and the substantial rural‐urban difference in Mainland China.

Keywords: intergenerational mobility; mobility index; Cultural Revolution; mandatory education; educational mobility

Chapter.  6409 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management

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