Chapter

Introduction to Roman Stoicism

Runar M. Thorsteinsson

in Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199578641
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722868 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578641.003.0002
Introduction to Roman Stoicism

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This chapter provides a general introduction to Roman Stoicism, especially in relation to the field of ethics. A brief overview is given of the historical setting of the Stoic school in Rome in the first two centuries CE. Some of the main philosophical characteristics of the school are described, such as the doctrine of universal humanity, and the close relationship between ethics and theology in Stoicism is discussed. The chapter also defines what is meant by the phrase ‘Roman Stoicism’, and lists its main sources, including Cicero, Seneca, Musonius Rufus, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius. The Stoic sources which are specifically consulted in the present study are then determined. These include Seneca, Musonius, and Epictetus.

Keywords: Rome; ethics; theology; Roman Stoicism; Cicero; Seneca; Musonius Rufus; Epictetus; Marcus Aurelius

Chapter.  4643 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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