Chapter

Moral Teachings Compared

Runar M. Thorsteinsson

in Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199578641
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722868 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578641.003.0010
Moral Teachings Compared

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This is by far the longest chapter of the study. A number of aspects of Roman Stoic ethics and Roman Christian morality are here considered and compared. This is done under the headings of five broader themes which include questions of similarities and differences with respect to Christian and Stoic views about (a) a particular way of life as proper worship of the deity, (b) certain individuals (like Jesus and Socrates) as paradigms for the proper way of living, (c) the importance of mutual love and care, (d) non-retaliation and ‘love of enemies’, and (e) the social dimension of ethics. In all cases the comparison reveals a basic similarity between the Christian and Stoic sources. It is therefore concluded that Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism are fundamentally similar in terms of morality or ethics.

Keywords: christianity; stoicism; morality; ethics; similarity; difference

Chapter.  28069 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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