Chapter

Morality and Reasonable Partiality*

Samuel Scheffler

in Partiality and Impartiality

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199579952
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595233 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.003.0006
Morality and Reasonable Partiality*

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This chapter argues that any coherent morality will make room for partiality, not merely in the sense that it will permit or require partial behaviour in some circumstances, but also in the sense that it will treat ‘reasons of partiality’ as bearing directly on the rightness and wrongness of actions. Reasons of partiality include project-dependent, relationship-dependent, and membership-dependent reasons. Although the content of morality is not exhausted by such reasons, Thomas Scanlon and others have suggested that moral reasons in general have their source in interpersonal relationships of a certain kind. This chapter examines these suggestions and identifies a number of difficulties that must be addressed if such a ‘relational’ view of morality is to be defended.

Keywords: partiality; reasons of partiality; project-dependent reasons; relationship-dependent reasons; membership-dependent reasons; personal relationships; Scanlon

Chapter.  15757 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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