Chapter

Distributive Justice and the Bottom Line

John Finnis

in Human Rights and Common Good

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199580071
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729393 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580071.003.0005
Distributive Justice and the Bottom Line

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This chapter presents an unpublished 1979 essay which responds to a critique of the draft chapter on justice in Natural Law and Natural Rights. It emphasizes that in the classical conception defended in that chapter, judgments about justice and injustice must take into account all relevant considerations; ‘just but unjustified’ and ‘unjust but justified’ are excluded predicates. This bears also on the fairness of procedures for distributing benefits or burdens. But objective injustice is one thing and subjectively culpable injustice can be another. The relation between justice and common good, e.g., in famine, is discussed.

Keywords: distributive justice; fairness; common good; injustice

Chapter.  3160 words. 

Subjects: Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law

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