Chapter

A Lockean Theory of Territory

Cara Nine

in Global Justice and Territory

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199580217
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741456 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580217.003.0005
A Lockean Theory of Territory

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Chapter 4 provides a theory of particular territorial rights. These particular rights are claimable only by the collectives that meet the general criteria (established in the previous chapters), and that also have a relevant historical connection with a particular geographical region. This chapter advances a collectivistic Lockean account of particular territorial rights by adapting the Lockean principles of desert, efficiency, and autonomy. According to this theory, (i) relevant collectives must be capable of changing the land thereby creating a relationship with it, and (ii) this relationship must be morally valuable—established through the concern for basic individual needs expressed in terms of these principles (of desert, efficiency, and autonomy). Because the collective’s relationship with territory is fundamentally morally valuable, as it is necessary for the collective to meet the basic needs of its members, the collective territorial relationship is granted rights status.

Keywords: John Locke; territorial rights; desert; efficiency; autonomy; historical rights; consent theory

Chapter.  9810 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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