Chapter

Arbitrariness and Territorial Borders

Cara Nine

in Global Justice and Territory

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199580217
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741456 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580217.003.0006
Arbitrariness and Territorial Borders

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This chapter engages with cosmopolitan theory in order to set the stage for the theory of exclusive collective resource rights. It criticizes the claim that territorial borders are morally arbitrary. Because of the importance of a collective’s relationship to the land and resources for the capacity of individuals to meet basic needs, denying that certain collectives have a prima facie claim to natural resources may constitute an unjustifiable harm to individuals. As such, our placement in the distribution of natural resources is not ‘up for grabs’ in the redistribution of goods.

Keywords: moral arbitrariness; borders; territorial rights; Charles Beitz; resource rights; historical injustice; cosmopolitanism

Chapter.  9664 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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