Chapter

Long-term follow-up of memory in patients with epilepsy

Elisabeth Engman and Kristina Malmgren

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199580286
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739408 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0005
Long-term follow-up of memory in patients with epilepsy

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This chapter reviews the literature on memory changes in adults with active epilepsy. A decline or adverse change at a group level or in subsets of patients was reported in nine of the sixteen papers reviewed. This negative change could be seen already after three years and was found in verbal and/or nonverbal memory, in learning, immediate and delayed recall, or in recognition. Three studies reported either improvement or expected practice effects in a memory quotient composite score and in verbal delayed recall. There were no consistent associations between memory change and clinical variables. These data underline the need to focus more on possible cognitive change already early in the course of the epilepsy disorder. In the neuropsychological assessment procedure, it would also be valuable to add the measure of an extended delayed recall after about four weeks and to apply new memory methods evaluated for patients with epilepsy.

Keywords: memory changes; adults; learning; recall; recognition

Chapter.  9452 words. 

Subjects: Neuroscience

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