Chapter

Beginning the Defence Review: October 1964–June 1965

Phuong Pham

in Ending 'East of Suez'

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780199580361
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722691 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580361.003.0002

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

Beginning the Defence Review: October 1964–June 1965

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Chapter 1 examines the Wilson Government's initial reassessment, within the Defence Review, of future overseas policy. On their arrival in office, senior ministers were keen to emphasise the importance of Britain's military commitments overseas, even though officials within the Foreign and Commonwealth Relations Offices were now beginning to entertain doubts about their long‐term value. At the same time, the weakness of Britain's economic situation prompted them to impose a ceiling of £2000 million on annual defence expenditure. The combination of these official doubts and the need for spending restraint encouraged senior ministers to endorse a medium‐term plan for the withdrawal of permanent British forces from Malaysia and Singapore to a northern Australian base, jointly funded and operated by Britain and the ANZUS allies.

Keywords: Wilson government; defence review; Malaysia; Singapore; Australia; ANZUS

Chapter.  7727 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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