Chapter

Foreign Direct Investment and Trade in the Southern African Development Community

Henri Bezuidenhout and Wim Naudé

in Southern Engines of Global Growth

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199580606
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723353 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580606.003.0011

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

Foreign Direct Investment and Trade in the Southern African Development Community

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This chapter uses a modified gravity model to estimate the relationship between trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The chapter finds evidence of a significant causal relationship from SADC's exports to inward FDI. Distance (reflecting remoteness and transport costs) and political instability are confirmed to be significant determinants of FDI to SADC. The chapter discerns differences in the patterns and determinants of FDI to SADC, whether it is from the USA and UK or from continental Europe. In the case of FDI to SADC from the USA and UK, it is exports from SADC to these countries that are significant, and not imports, while in the case of continental Europe both exports and imports are significantly associated with FDI to SADC.

Keywords: exports; foreign direct investment; gravity model; SADC; South Africa

Chapter.  7189 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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