Chapter

The Contribution of Migrants and Ethnic Minorities to Entrepreneurship in the United Kingdom

Jonathan Levie and Mark Hart

in The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199580866
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728716 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580866.003.0006
The Contribution of Migrants and Ethnic Minorities to Entrepreneurship in the United Kingdom

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This chapter compares the entrepreneurial attitudes, activity and aspiration of a representative sample of over 38,000 individuals in the United Kingdom. White life-long residents are found to have less awareness of and less favourable attitudes towards entrepreneurship than other ethnic/migrant categories. Those with black ethnic backgrounds appear to exhibit higher entrepreneurial propensity, but this does not translate into significantly higher levels of actual business ownership. Both UK-born regional in-migrants and immigrants are more likely to be high-expectation early-stage entrepreneurs than life-long residents. However, belonging to any of fifteen different ethnic minorities rather than white British appears to have no effect on the propensity to be a high-expectation early-stage entrepreneur.

Keywords: GEM; entrepreneurship; United Kingdom; ethnicity; minority; in-migrants; immigration; minority entrepreneurship

Chapter.  9258 words. 

Subjects: Innovation

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