The Golden Age

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780199581184
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191722806 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

The Golden Age

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Chapter 8, ‘The Golden Age’, compares the periods which the historians saw as the most successful eras in national history. For Lelewel, this period was to be found in the days of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Daukantas venerated the early, pagan period in the history of Lithuania, and in a more extended sense, the era before the Union of Lublin (1569). Palacký identified the pinnacle of Czech history with the Hussite movement in the fifteenth century. Kogălniceanu associated the golden age with moments of unity in Romanian history, in particular with the reign of Michael the Brave in the late sixteenth century. Horváth saw contemporary Hungary, the Reform Age (1823–48), as an exceptional era. The chapter demonstrates that the scholars reached nearly identical conclusions when defining the attributes of the golden age: these included individual and collective freedom, a tolerant environment and national unity.

Keywords: golden age; Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; pagan Lithuania; Hussite movement; John Hus; Michael the Brave (Romanian ruler); Reform Age in Hungary

Chapter.  12352 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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