Chapter

The Lord of the Rings

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780199581917
Published online February 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723001 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0006
The Lord of the Rings

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This chapter is devoted to the LHC accelerator complex. It first presents the history of the construction of the LHC and the challenges involved. It then describes the functioning of the LHC, following the path made by the beams of protons. The cutting-edge technologies developed for the LHC are explained using simple analogies. Applications outside particle physics of these technologies are also discussed. The different components of the LHC are described, with special emphasis on the superconducting dipole magnets, which are used to steer the proton beams inside the underground tunnel.

Keywords: LHC; CERN; dipole magnets; superconductivity; cryogenics; accelerators; energy

Chapter.  9083 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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