Chapter

Globalization Moralized

Richard W. Miller

in Globalizing Justice

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780199581986
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723247 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.003.0004
Globalization Moralized

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Globalization has been characterized not just by the extension and deepening of commerce but by the exercise of superior power of governments, people and firms based in developed countries. This chapter argues that these agents often take advantage of people in developing countries, deriving benefits from their difficulties in advancing their interests in ways that show inadequate appreciation of their moral equality. First, transnational manufacturing in developing countries produces exploitive benefits from inferior bargaining power, due to desperate neediness, which require compensation even if the exploited are made better off. Second, the institutional framework for globalization, such as the WTO regime, has been shaped by the domineering influence of major developed countries, especially the United States, in ways that could not result from reasonable deliberations in which all fulfilled their responsibilities. The replacement of bullying by such deliberations would generate large gains for the global poor, on grounds of justice, not beneficence.

Keywords: globalization; exploitation; transnational manufacturing; world trade; WTO; reasonable deliberations

Chapter.  11309 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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