Chapter

Evolution of Moralitys<sup>1</sup>

Edouard Machery and Ron Mallon

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780199582143
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191594496 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0002
Evolution of Moralitys1

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This chapter examines whether morality really evolved, as many philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, and biologists claim. It distinguishes three possible versions of this claim and reviews the evidence in support of each. It concludes that two versions of the claim that morality evolved are relatively well supported, but that they are unlikely to have significant philosophical consequences, while the stronger version, which is of real interest to philosophers, is in fact empirically unsupported.

Keywords: fairness; adaptation; moral emotions; guilt; shame; norms; moral; conventional distinction; cultural variation; cooperation

Chapter.  19118 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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