Grammaticalization of ser and estar in Romance

Montserrat Batllori and Francesc Roca

in Grammatical Change

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780199582624
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731068 | DOI:
Grammaticalization of ser and estar in Romance

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This chapter investigates the grammaticalization process undergone by STARE from Latin to Romance, especially in Spanish and Catalan, and how this verb progressively replaced ESSE in locative, (resultative) passive, existential, and copulative sentences. The chapter is organized as follows. Sections 4.2 and 4.3 are devoted to the description of the syntactic behaviour of ser and estar in Modern Spanish and Modern Catalan. Sections 4.4, 4.5, and 4.6 provide a similar description for Latin, Old Spanish, and Old Catalan, respectively. Section 4.7 offers an analysis of the syntactic change involved, while Section 4.8 contains concluding remarks.

Keywords: STARE; Latin; Romance; Spanish Catalan; ESSE; syntactic behaviour; ser; estar

Chapter.  7091 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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