Chapter

Antipassive in Austronesian alignment change

Edith Aldridge

in Grammatical Change

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780199582624
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731068 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0017
Antipassive in Austronesian alignment change

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This chapter proposes that an ergative language becomes split-ergative by a reanalysis of its antipassive construction as syntactically transitive. A split-ergative language then can evolve into an accusative language through the further reanalysis of transitive ergative clauses as passive. It illustrates this continuum with the ergative language Tagalog, the split-ergative languages Malagasy and Seediq, and the predominantly accusative standard Indonesian.

Keywords: ergative language; split-ergative language; antipassive construction; accusative language; Tagalog; Malagasy; Seediq; Indonesian

Chapter.  4966 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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