Migration and Emigration, 1600–1945

Donald M. MacRaild and Malcolm Smith

in Ulster Since 1600

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199583119
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744822 | DOI:
Migration and Emigration, 1600–1945

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)


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Ulster in the seventeenth century was a province of aggressive inward migration. In the succeeding three centuries it was a region of net outward migration. The descendants of the Scottish and English newcomers laid the basis for commercial enterprises which made east Ulster the most economically advanced region in Ireland. Yet Ulster continued to send thousands of migrants across the Atlantic to north America. Presbyterians, of Scottish descent, dominated these outflows. From the later eighteenth century onwards many migrants found their way to Britain and to Scotland in particular. Thus, one of the largest concentrations of Scots outside of Scotland was to be found in Belfast. As with so much else, industry and industrialization animated these cross-channel movements. More generally, movements of people in recent centuries can be related to Ulster's positioning within a British and an Atlantic world that was experiencing unprecedented economic, social and demographic change.

Keywords: migration; emigration; Scotland; Ulster Scots; newcomers; America; Presbyterians; industrialization; Belfast

Chapter.  9291 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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