Chapter

Agriculture and Rural Policy since 1914

Alan Greer

in Ulster Since 1600

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199583119
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744822 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583119.003.0018
Agriculture and Rural Policy since 1914

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The long-run tendency in agriculture in the modern period was towards decline, as reflected both in falling employment and a diminishing share of gross regional output. This mirrors the kinds of sectoral changes taking place within other industrial and post-industrial regions. The United Kingdom was relatively late in going down the road of protectionism and state support for farming but from 1932 onwards these formed the basis of rural policy. Though fiercely individualistic and independent, the irony is that Ulster (and European) farmers were more than happy to become dependent on state subsidies and protection. The financial weakness of the Northern Ireland state, which affected all areas of economic and social expenditure, meant there was little room for distinctive Stormont initiatives. Real power resided at Westminster and, later, at European Union level.

Keywords: agriculture; farming; land; subsidy; protection; European Union; common agricultural policy; protection

Chapter.  7664 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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