Word‐Order Typology: Core Data

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780199583430
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595288 | DOI:
Word‐Order Typology: Core Data

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Core Data. As groundwork for the theoretical discussion, this taxonomic chapter presents the main linearization patterns and the properties of the three most frequent language types: SOV, SVO, VSO. Preferences for complement and relative clause types issue from processing complexity. Adjectives tend to follow nouns crosslinguistically. Genitives, determiners, and numerals are positionally variable. One kind of cross‐category harmony affects the position of functional heads with respect to LPs (lexical phrases). Another affects the linearization within FPs (functional phrases) and LPs. In English, the order of genitives before nouns and Deg(ree) before AP (so good) is predicted by the parametrization of functional heads before LPs.

Keywords: linearization patterns; cross‐category harmony; parametrization; word order

Chapter.  6084 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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