Chapter

Plato's Early and Late Methods

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199583652
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723155 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0003
Plato's Early and Late Methods

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In this chapter, Plato is shown to have developed two methods of investigation: the first is his method of hypothesis, the second his method of collection and division. This latter method was a method of classification, which emerged as the method of analysis. The chapter shows how this method produces a scheme of categories, which looks to be the system of ideas or forms. The chapter explains how the method relates to the division of objects as established by the divided line analogy.

Keywords: Plato; Aristotle; method; classification; category; ideas; forms

Chapter.  8148 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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